For one to become a lawyer in Brazil, there are 2 steps. The first step is earning a BA in Law recognized by MEC, which usually takes at least 5 years. The second step is passing the “BAR” exam which is the test applied by the Brazilian Order of Lawyers (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil – OAB). These two requirements are essential for anyone to become a lawyer, promoter or judge in Brazil. The good side is that it is a federal title and one can work in all parts of Brazil in any of the jobs previously mentioned.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho, a well-known figure in the practice of Law, holds a degree in Law at Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie as well as an extension course in Business Administration at Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado(FAAP). He is a partner of the law office, Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados, which is on of the main law offices in Brazil according to Anuário Análise Advocacia 500, a major magazine that specializes in the juridical area and lists the main law offices in Brazil.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has become famous for defending celebrities and large companies in cases that gained world attention, as well as working pro bono for NGOs. In addition to defending people and companies and NGOs, He has also decisively contributed to the creation of laws of great economic relevance in Brazil. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a pioneer in adoption several legal mechanisms that have become commonplace in the practice of law.
At the law office, Leite, Tosto e Barros, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is the leader in command and supervises the most important cases that are undertaken by the Brazilian Lawyer firm as well as strategic formulas; above all, he demands positive results.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has become famous for defending private banks. He has around 1500 cases in the state of São Paulo and around 50 cases throughout Brazil. His top private bank clients with the most cases are Banco Santos S/A and Banco Fibra S/A.
Currently there are many different legal systems in existence across the globe and the study of the similarities and differences of these systems is known as comparative law. This field is becoming increasing important due to the rise in economic globalization as well as internationalism, which advocates for more political and economic cooperation between various nations. Technically speaking, comparative law does not have any rules or regulations but it is a specific method for examining legal issues. Ultimately, the purposes of comparative law are to gain knowledge on presently used legal systems and determine ways to perfect these systems or contribute to the unification of several different systems in order to be maximize effectiveness. Understanding the law in multiple legal systems can aid in determining solutions for global legal issues such as human rights, criminal laws, environmental issues, labor laws, tax policies and intellectual property protection.
One of the world’s most renowned experts on comparative constitutional law is Sujit Choudhry. Choudhry has served as a top law professor at a multitude of prestigious institutions and most notably was named Dean of UC Berkeley School of Law. His extensive background and degrees in varying legal areas have allowed him to work as an expert in constitutional transitions in more than one country around the world.
Professor Choudhry has been published over ninety times and has a vast breadth of research experience that addresses many factors associated with comparative constitutional law. His research has investigated ways to improve and dissolve conflict in divided societies and analyzed the benefits that would come from the transition to more democratic systems in varying locations. In addition to these issues, he is also well versed on the relationships that exist between federal governments and state governments and has spoken about the dispersion of power from a central government to more local authorities. He has also been known to address issues around the legal rights of many different groups fighting for equality. He has made a point to increase accessibility to those interested in studying comparative law and is the founding director for the Center for Constitutional Transitions, the world’s first center focused on constitution building.
More information for Sujit Choudhry: https://play.google.com/store/books/author?id=Sujit+Choudhry&hl=en